A popular soil drainage solution are French drain pipes around your home. These French drain systems capture sub-surface soil water and direct it away from the foundation. French drain systems need trenches dug, the right pipes and the correct placement of drain pipes for a good drainage system.
Downspout drainage pipes do not have to be buried deeply. Exterior drain pipes should also be installed in undisturbed soil about 6 feet away from the foundation. Lay drain pipes in beds of gravel for best results.
A French drain system helps water around the house flow away from the foundation. French drain designs simply allow the water to flow where it wants to flow - the path of least resistance. These French drains aid in exterior drainage and save your house from basement water seepage.
A French drain must be installed so the pipe slopes level or downhill. Here is a simple diagram for installing French drain systems. This diagram is a view of a linear French drain system viewed from the ground.
Foundation drainage systems are one of the most important aspects of residential construction. Installing drainage systems are also one of the most misunderstood aspects. Because these systems are usually deeply buried and cannot be easily modified or corrected, it is vitally important that they are installed correctly. Foundation drainage systems which are installed properly can serve a dual roll.
Drain tile should be installed on shallow foundations. Drain tile installation will be used to add water to the area to stabilize the soil. This will minimize soil movement and ultimately minimize cracks in the foundation.
Drain tile systems serve two purposes. Water removal away from the house and water injection into the soil foundation during drought. Drought conditions can cause the soil of your foundation to shrink, causing foundation and footer to fall. Installing drainage systems to prevent two problems is discussed in this column.