Drywall Problems – Blisters and Falling Tape
DEAR TIM: My bullheaded husband has been trying to finish some drywall. The taped seams constantly blister when he applies the second coat of compound. Some of the tape delaminates a day or two later. He says the pre-mixed joint compound is defective. What is the secret? Just how does one get perfect blister free taped drywall joints? We are running out of time. Karla D., Norridge, IL
DEAR KARLA: Let's not be too tough on your husband. After all, he is giving it the old college try. The odds that the pre-mixed joint compound in the bucket is defective are very low. If the product was fresh when purchased and has not been frozen, it should be fine. You can test to see if it is good by simply spreading a 1/8 inch patch of it on some dust free drywall. Let it dry. If it is difficult to remove with a scraping tool, the product is fine.
The most common reason for drywall tape blisters is a lack of joint compound between the tape and the drywall surface. All too often I see rookie weekend warriors make the mistake of removing too much joint compound from underneath the tape. Some people press the taping knife so hard they snap it in two! The blisters form on the second coat when the tape absorbs moisture from the second application of joint compound. The paper tape swells and there simply is not adhesive present to hold the paper tape flat. Keep in mind that the pre-mixed joint compounds are simply advanced water based adhesives mixed with finely ground solids that give them body and mass.
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Ideally, one should place one sixteenth of an inch of joint compound between the tape and the drywall to prevent blister and tape delamination. The tapered edge of drywall is made to accommodate this. The recessed area created when two pieces abut one another is about one eighth inch deep. The paper tape should be right in the middle of this area with equal amounts of joint compound above and below it. You can also switch to a different open mesh tape that actually sticks directly to the drywall. Apply it first and then cover it with joint compound.
The trick to achieving pro results with traditional paper tape is not magic but it does take a considerable amount of hand-eye coordination, joint compound mixed to the right consistency, and the right tools. Professional drywall finishers add just a small amount of water to pre-mixed joint compound and then stir it by hand or with a paddle attached to a drill. The compound, once mixed, resembles smooth warm cake icing that will actually slowly flow out of a bowl or pan. Often the joint compound from the factory is moist but far too stiff.
My tool of choice is a five inch wide flexible taping knife. I use it to apply a generous amount, up to one quarter inch thick, of joint compound to the drywall seam surface. It is important to make several light passes over the compound to smooth it out and remove some of the excess material. It is now time to place the tape. Be sure it is centered in the seam. I angle the knife blade much like a snow plow and lightly press as I glide the knife over the seam. With each pass a little more compound oozes out from beneath the tape. I stop when I am confident that the tape is at the desired depth in the recessed seam area.
To speed drying time you can place a regular oscillating fan in the room. This will help speed up the drying time. It is also possible to use a rapid set joint compound. These products are sold in the dry form and are mixed on site with water. They come in different set times and some set hard in as little as 30 minutes. Using these materials you can tape, second coat and final coat drywall in less than 90 minutes.
If you decide to use these rapid set materials to make up for lost time, you must be careful not to mix up too much at one time. I made that mistake once and a half bucket of compound turned rock hard in the bucket while I was up on a ladder. Using cold water can retard the set time slightly. If the compound does start to set up before it is used, do not add more water. Simply discard it and make a new batch.